There are several different ways to use the cannabis plant in order to attain its therapeutic benfits. Each of them may be more effective for certain symptoms, and certain circumstances, and each can be done in a manner that promotes its safety and efficacy.

On this page you will find information that will help you use cannabis safely and effectively, including:

  • the whole plant
  • different modes of ingestion
  • options for safer smoking
  • strain selection, potency and tolerance
  • side effects
  • drug interactions
  • safety considerations.
Please note that the following should not be construed as the giving of advice or the making of a recommendation and it should not be relied upon as the basis for any decision or action. It is based on our research and experience. Additional resources are provided for your information.

Using the Whole Plant

The whole cannabis plant may be efficiently utilized. The flower ("bud") is the most resinous and therefore potent part of the plant. This makes the bud ideal for smoking. The leaves ("shake") and stems are less resinous, and therefore are better suited for baking and making tinctures.

Modes of Ingestion

  • Smoking:
Smoking is the easiest way to find the appropriate dosage since the effects are usually felt within 30-60 seconds, and develop fully within 5-15 minutes. The effects may last from 30 minutes to 5 hours.

It is ideal to smoke as little as possible in order to reduce costs and respiratory irritiation. We recommend you take 1-2 puffs and wait 15 minutes in order to find the right dosage. Increase dosage as necessary.

  • Ingesting (Eating and Drinking):
Cannabinoids can be extracted into fat (butter or oils) and then ingested.

The effects of ingested cannabis may be felt within 30 minutes to 2 hours (depending on metabolism), and may last from 2-8 hours.

Effects of ingested cannabis tend to be much more pronounced than smoked cannabis, both physically and psychoatively, and vary depending on strain used in the preparation. An elevated dosage, though not lethal, can be very uncomforable (i.e.vomitting, panic). Therefore it is important to take care in finding the right dosage. Small amounts should be ingested, and it is recommended to wait 2 hours before increasing the dosage gradually, if necessary. 

  • Tinctures:
Cannabinoids can also be extracted into alcohol or glycerine, and make into tinctures. Tinctures may be dropped or sprayed into the mouth to be absorbed into the mucous membranes.

Effects of tinctures are usually felt within 5 minutes up to 1 hours, and last about 4 hours. It is recommended to start with about 3 drops of tincture, and wait an hour before increasing the dosage, incrementally and as necessary.

Alcohol based tincutres may also be dropped into hot water in order to let the alcohol evaporate, and then ingested. Effects will be the same as they are for ingested cannabis (above).


Options for Safer Smoking 

There are various methods of smoking cannabis that can reduce bronchial irritation while obtaining the medicinal benefits of the plant.

These methods include:

  • Cannabis may be ground or cut and then rolled into a “joint”. Using natural-based rolling papers such as those derived from hemp or rice is recommended for both health reasons and to avoid using tree products. 
  • Pipes can be used to avoid smoking paper and are useful when smoking small quantities. We recommend glass pipes to prevent ingestion of possible harmful by-products from other pipes made from other sources of material. 
  • Water pipes can be used to cool the temperature of inhaled plant matter. 
  • Vaporizers can be used as a smokeless alternative and also provide a uniquely “clear” psychoactive effect.
  • A blend of herbs that soothe the lungs can be rolled and smoked with cannabis.  We recommended, as well as, offer a herbal smoking blend made up of the following 4 herbs: damiana, coltsfoot, mullein, and peppermint. We do not recommend rolling cannabis wtih tobacco.

Strain Selection, Potency and Tolerance

The efficacy of cannabis is directly related to strain selection, therefore we recommend care be taken in selecting appropriate strains to meet your needs.

You will need to smoke less of a high-potency cannabis to reach the desired effect. Potency varies with strains.

If you find yourself needing to smoke greatert quantities or more often in order to achieve the desired effect, reduce or stop intake for a time. Changing the variety of cannabis normally used will also help you to return to a minized effective dosage level.

Side Effects

  • Some effects of cannabis use may not be therapeutic. They can be mitigated through awareness.
  • Cannabis may cause dizziness upon standing due to lowered blood pressure.
  • Initial increase in heart rate and/or blood pressure may be problematic for those with heart conditions or severe anxiety
  • Cannabis may cause a decrease in coordination and cognitive abilities, and short-term memory loss while medicated
  • There are no significant withdrawal effects when cannabis use is ceased or decreased, however symptom relief will cease or be decreased. Minor restlessness, nausea, and fatigue may be experienced.

Drug Interactions

Clinically significant interactions have not been detected. Studies on the interaction of Cannabis and pharmaceutical medications is sparse and inconclusive.

Pharmacy Magazine reported in June 2001 that *:

  • Cannabis has been shown to decrease the clearance of barbiturates so they remain in the body longer, and may need to be reduced.
  • Cannabis has been shown to increase the clearance of Theophyline, therefore its dose may need to be increased
  • There can be side-effects when cannabis is combined with Fluoxetine or Disulfiram. These effects can include mild mania and excitement with moderate behaviour change
  • Cannabis may enhance the effects of amphetamines, anticholinergics, anihistamines, cocaine, hypnotics, physchotomimetics, sedatives or sympathomimetics

  * this study does not take into account different strains.

 

Results from a survery of OMMP Members overwhelmingly indicate that they do not find negative drug interactions. Many reported that they are able to reduce their dosage of some of their pharmaceutical drugs (particulary opiates) and that cannabis mitigates negative side effects of them, which in some cases is the reason for their use of cannabis.

Those receiving digitalis or other cardiac medications should use cannabis under careful supervision by a medical doctor. 

Safety Considerations

  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery if impaired by cannabis ( indicas can be especially sedating)
  • Cannabis mixed with alcohol may cause vomiting and nausea.
  • Heavy smoking with no harm reduction techniques (i.e. smoking small amounts of high potency organic cannabis) may lead to respiratory irritation.
  • Hold shared joints and other shared smoking implements so as not to touch your lips to them.
  • Choose organic cannabis whenever possible to minimize exposure to radioactivity and chemicals. This is especially important for people with compromised immune systems. 
  • It is still illegal in United States to possess, grow, or distribute cannabis. Know your rights and take precautions to avoid the harmful effects of arrest, cannabis seizure, imprisonment and criminal record.

oregon medical marijuana - Google News

http://news.google.com/news?pz=1&ned=us&hl=en&q=oregon+medical+marijuana

Oregon Will Vote to Legalize Recreational Marijuana - Guardian Liberty Voice

- Mon, 01 Sep 2014 14:38:38 GMT


Guardian Liberty Voice

Oregon Will Vote to Legalize Recreational Marijuana
Guardian Liberty Voice
The Medical Marijuana Program which started as early as 1998 had already made pot user-friendly by legalizing the dispensaries. At last count, Medical Marijuana Cards have been unreservedly issued to about 65,000 Oregonians. The program had been ...
The Desperate Lies of Josh Marquis, Part III: Stoned Mayhem on the FreewaysThe Weed Blog (blog)
Marijuana's Hazy Contribution To Highway DeathsHuffington Post

all 272 news articles »

Medical marijuana in Oregon: Hundreds of pot growers meet in Portland to talk ... - The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

- Fri, 22 Aug 2014 17:02:22 GMT


Medical marijuana in Oregon: Hundreds of pot growers meet in Portland to talk ...
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
What is likely to be the largest ever gathering of Oregon medical marijuana growers is about to get underway in downtown Portland. The event, organized by Amy Margolis, a Portland attorney, has drawn a crowd of about 300. Margolis is behind an effort ...

and more »

Medical marijuana in Oregon: State has inspected 58 dispensaries; closed 2 - The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

- Thu, 14 Aug 2014 22:07:15 GMT


KTVZ

Medical marijuana in Oregon: State has inspected 58 dispensaries; closed 2
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
The Oregon Health Authority on Thursday released copies of medical marijuana dispensary inspection reports in response to a public records request from The Oregonian. Inspectors have found a range of violations, from lack of written procedures to ...
State releases first marijuana dispensary inspectionsStatesman Journal
Inspectors shut down 2 Oregon medical marijuana dispensaries for rules violationsGreenfield Daily Reporter

all 22 news articles »

Medical marijuana in Oregon: Hundreds of pot growers to meet in Portland on ... - The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

- Fri, 22 Aug 2014 03:23:56 GMT


KVAL

Medical marijuana in Oregon: Hundreds of pot growers to meet in Portland on ...
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Medical marijuana farms, like this one in southern Oregon, fall under the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program. Hundreds of Oregon's medical cannabis growers will meet Friday to network and learn about the legalization initiative that will appear on the ...
Policy will determine economic impact of legal marijuana, says sociologistMedical Xpress

all 4 news articles »

Oregon Medical Marijuana Dispensary Inspections Begin - The Weed Blog (blog)

- Mon, 18 Aug 2014 16:59:30 GMT


The Weed Blog (blog)

Oregon Medical Marijuana Dispensary Inspections Begin
The Weed Blog (blog)
ommp oregon medical marijuana clinic The Oregon medical marijuana industry has been very entertaining to watch. Oregon started its medical marijuana program in 1998. Medical marijuana dispensaries and delivery services started in the 2000?s, and ...

and more »

Six defendants get probation in Washington County medical marijuana drug case - The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

- Sun, 31 Aug 2014 22:04:48 GMT


Six defendants get probation in Washington County medical marijuana drug case
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
The raids came at the end of an investigation begun in December 2012 when authorities got a tip that certain holders of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program cards were abusing the system by growing more than allowed, then selling the marijuana out of ...

Medical marijuana in Oregon: State bans use by home-based day-care providers - The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

- Thu, 07 Aug 2014 00:57:06 GMT


KTVZ

Medical marijuana in Oregon: State bans use by home-based day-care providers
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
SALEM ? Home-based day-care centers are no places for medical pot, Oregon has decided. That decision Wednesday by a state board was prompted by revelations that the owners of at least five home-based day-care centers had medical marijuana cards ...
State: Child care providers can't use medical marijuanaStatesman Journal
Redmond day care claims state shutdown over medical marijuana useKTVZ
Oregon outlaws medical pot at day caresKOIN.com
TBO.com
all 67 news articles »

States that legalize medical marijuana 'have fewer deaths from opioid painkillers' - Medical News Today

- Tue, 26 Aug 2014 15:12:09 GMT


Medical News Today

States that legalize medical marijuana 'have fewer deaths from opioid painkillers'
Medical News Today
Prior to the study start period, just three states - California, Oregon and Washington - had legalized medical marijuana, with 10 more states joining by the end of the study period in 2010. Since then, another 10 states and Washington, DC, have also ...
Medical Marijuana Laws Linked to Fewer Opioid DeathsMedscape
Can Medical Marijuana Reduce the Opioid Abuse Epidemic?Boston.com
Legalization Of Medical Marijuana Linked To Positive Health EffectsBusiness Insider
Huffington Post -ScienceBlog.com (blog)
all 230 news articles »

Oregon's Largest Media Outlet Endorses Marijuana Legalization Initiative - The Weed Blog (blog)

- Sun, 24 Aug 2014 19:41:51 GMT


SFGate (blog)

Oregon's Largest Media Outlet Endorses Marijuana Legalization Initiative
The Weed Blog (blog)
oregon measure 91 marijuana legalization A few years ago, Oregon medical cannabis patients and advocates launched a protest in front of The Oregonian's office because the newspaper's coverage of medical cannabis had gotten terribly offensive. In fact ...
It's time to legalize recreational marijuana: Editorial endorsementThe Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Have Colorado highway fatalities decreased since marijuana use was legalized?PolitiFact
Oregonian: Marijuana Legalization's Time Has ComeSFGate (blog)
Live Trading News -Mail Tribune -Mid Columbia Tri City Herald
all 35 news articles »

Citizens will vote on medical marijuana - Sisters Nugget

- Tue, 02 Sep 2014 19:04:16 GMT


Citizens will vote on medical marijuana
Sisters Nugget
The Sisters City Council has approved ballot language for a measure that, if approved by voters, would allow a medical marijuana facility in Sisters under approval by city staff. There would be a number of conditions: A facility could not be located on ...